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Riszel February 18, 2022

Atrial Fibrillation (AF):

  • most common cardiac dysrhythmia that requires many people to seek emergency treatment annually
  • manifests as an acute or chronic condition
  • may be asymptomatic or be sufficiently disabling to restrict normal daily activities.



Risk Factors

  • Hypertension
  • Advanced age
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Sleep apnea
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Obesity
  • High-intensity endurance exercise
  • Genetics

Clinical Manifestations

  • Clinical manifestations depend on the presence of risk factors.
  • Majority present tolerable symptoms.
  • Minority have poorly tolerable symptoms due to angina or hemodynamic decompensation such as in pulmonary edema, hypotension, and circulatory collapse with syncope.